Climate Resilience Index For North Eastern Region Of India: Sikkim

Climate Resilience Index For North Eastern Region Of India: Sikkim

New Delhi: According to the latest Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report, in India, there has been an increase in extreme weather events in last few years. The climate in the North Eastern Region (NER) of India has been reflective of this impact with greater intensity over the past few years. Keeping this reality in mind, Reckitt has come up with the Climate Resilience Index (CRI) for the North Eastern Region of India. It is designed to serve as a data-backed tool to facilitate decision-making for on-ground action plans, for states to implement.

What Is Climate Resilience Index?

The Climate Resilience Index (CRI) is a data-backed assessment that takes into consideration factors contributing to climatic vulnerability, existing adaptation mechanisms in place and ability of the system to bounce back in case of an adverse climatic event. The index thus measures the ability of a state to cope with climate risks.

Talking about the Climate Resilience Index initiative and why it has been drafted, Gaurav Jain, Senior Vice President South Asia, Reckitt said,

A large part of North Eastern Region of India is nestled in the Indo Burma hotspot which is part of 35 biodiversity hotspots in the world and amongst 10 most threatened hotspots in the world. The region has witnessed considerable alterations in rainfall patterns over the last century, resulting in high degree of hydrological risks (flood and drought proneness). Erratic and untimely rainfall has led to widespread land degradation in the region caused either by water erosion or acidification presenting a range of challenges for both forest and agricultural land. The region that is bestowed with umpteen natural beauty beckons us to rise to the challenge to arrest risks related to climate change through a model that involves community, focusses on socio-economic well-being and health of the population.

He further said that the Climate Resilience Index is aimed at undertaking assessments that will contribute to the development of more targeted climate change projects tailored to the unique environmental and cultural sensitivities of each state in the region. He said,

“The projects will be designed to support the implementation and the potential revisions of the State Action Plans on Climate Change.”

Highlighting why North Eastern Region has been chosen, Ravi Bhatnagar, Director External Affairs and Partnerships SOA, Reckitt said,

The North Eastern Region has been relatively isolated and presents a unique opportunity to exemplify sustainable development given its significance as a bio-diversity hotspot and the socio-economic reliance of the region’s socio-economic development on natural resources.

Talking about the study done by Reckitt and what it highlights, Mr Bhatnagar said, “This study as a framework presents a relative comparison of the states in North Eastern Region with respect to:

• Vulnerability: dominance of factors affecting climate change
• Adaptability: coping and adaptive capacity
• Resilience: measures the ability to bounce back post an extreme event

It evaluates current initiatives of states to combat the potential risks and gives due consideration to stakeholder views from experiences on-ground projects. The focus is to bridge gaps identified in light of benchmarks and selected success stories from other parts of the globe.”

Also Read: Developing Climate Resilience Index (CRI) For The North Eastern Region Of India

The Climate Resilience Index by Reckitt measures the ability of a state to cope with climate risks. This assessment of gaps with recommendations have been drafted based on ground assessments, currently being piloted in two states – Sikkim and Nagaland.

Here are some of the highlights of Sikkim region mentioned in the report:

– There has been 20% increase in area under water-bodies from 2005-15 in Sikkim

– The report highlights that 10/300 glacial lakes here are identified as vulnerable to outburst floods

– The report further states that 7% area on an average (from 1953-2016) has been flood affected (highest amongst 7 studied North Eastern Region states)

– Talking about the division in the state, the report stated that South (76.27% forest cover) and West (66.38% forest cover) districts are drought-prone in lean monsoon months

– On the other hand, the report also states that the soil pH in the state is moderate to highly acidic, which is because of surface run-off on account of heavy rainfall

– The report also highlighted that the state reported approximately 61 cases of water borne diseases per 1,000 population in 2018-19. This is highest amongst the seven states studied in the North Eastern Region

– There also has been 21% decline in food-grain production in last 10 years in the state, according to the report

– The report also states that of the total species present in North Eastern Region, Sikkim has 1/60 amphibians, 65/1,324 of plants, 19/150 species of mammals, 11/550 of birds, which are threatened and endangered, which is because of climate change in the region

The climate resilience index report by Reckitt also lists down the potential focus areas for the state. According to the report:

– Sikkim should strengthen flood and drought management systems through water resource development in Flood prone districts: East and North and Drought prone districts: West and South

– The report also suggests that the state should promote agro-ecological and sustainable farming systems through Sikkim Organic Mission and strengthen marketing initiatives for “Organic Sikkim”

– The CRI report also mentions that the state should have community-based biodiversity conservation plans focussed on building conservation-based economies

NDTV – Dettol have been working towards a clean and healthy India since 2014 via Banega Swachh India initiative, which is helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. The campaign aims to highlight the inter-dependency of humans and the environment, and of humans on one another with the focus on One Health, One Planet, One Future – Leaving No One Behind. It stresses on the need to take care of, and consider, everyone’s health in India – especially vulnerable communities – the LGBTQ populationindigenous people, India’s different tribes, ethnic and linguistic minorities, people with disabilities, migrants, geographically remote populations, gender and sexual minorities. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign will continue to raise awareness on the same along with focussing on the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children, fight malnutrition, mental wellbeing, self care, science and health, adolescent health & gender awareness. Along with the health of people, the campaign has realised the need to also take care of the health of the eco-system. Our environment is fragile due to human activity,  that is not only over-exploiting available resources, but also generating immense pollution as a result of using and extracting those resources. The imbalance has also led to immense biodiversity loss that has caused one of the biggest threats to human survival – climate change. It has now been described as a “code red for humanity.” The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene. Banega Swasth India will also be taking forward the dream of Swasth Bharat, the campaign feels that only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and the country can become a Swasth or healthy India.

World

25,18,98,205Cases

21,30,04,611Active

3,38,14,080Recovered

50,79,514Deaths

Coronavirus has spread to 196 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 25,18,98,205 and 50,79,514 have died; 21,30,04,611 are active cases and 3,38,14,080 have recovered as on November 12, 2021 at 3:42 am.

India

3,44,14,186 12,516Cases

1,37,4161,140Active

3,38,14,080 13,155Recovered

4,62,690 501Deaths

In India, there are 3,44,14,186 confirmed cases including 4,62,690 deaths. The number of active cases is 1,37,416 and 3,38,14,080 have recovered as on November 12, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details



State

Cases

Active

Recovered

Deaths
Maharashtra

66,21,420 997

15,997 47

64,64,948 1,016

1,40,475 28

Kerala

50,42,082 7,224

70,251 833

49,36,791 7,638

35,040 419

Karnataka

29,91,142 286

8,046 10

29,44,958 289

38,138 7

Tamil Nadu

27,12,404 820

10,013 146

26,66,140 962

36,251 4

Andhra Pradesh

20,69,352 286

3,196 24

20,51,747 307

14,409 3

Uttar Pradesh

17,10,243 7

92 0

16,87,247 7

22,904

West Bengal

16,01,586 854

7,973 28

15,74,333 813

19,280 13

Delhi

14,40,270 40

367 21

14,14,812 61

25,091

Odisha

10,44,699 271

2,677 39

10,33,652 308

8,370 2

Chhattisgarh

10,06,271 26

216 7

9,92,468 33

13,587

Rajasthan

9,54,475 4

46 2

9,45,475 2

8,954

Gujarat

8,26,866 40

234 19

8,16,542 21

10,090

Madhya Pradesh

7,92,936 12

76 5

7,82,336 17

10,524

Haryana

7,71,388 20

130 12

7,61,208 8

10,050

Bihar

7,26,148 4

35 2

7,16,452 6

9,661

Telangana

6,73,140 153

3,737 9

6,65,432 160

3,971 2

Assam

6,13,312 251

3,261 18

6,04,009 262

6,042 7

Punjab

6,02,695 48

266 24

5,85,859 21

16,570 3

Jharkhand

3,48,960 12

149 1

3,43,673 13

5,138

Uttarakhand

3,43,987 13

146 4

3,36,438 8

7,403 1

Jammu And Kashmir

3,33,667 177

1,311 81

3,27,908 96

4,448

Himachal Pradesh

2,25,464 145

1,128 33

2,20,536 168

3,800 10

Goa

1,78,422 23

298 4

1,74,753 19

3,371

Puducherry

1,28,332 30

260 12

1,26,209 42

1,863

Mizoram

1,27,548 631

5,838 101

1,21,254 732

456

Manipur

1,24,328 78

761 37

1,21,626 40

1,941 1

Tripura

84,644 9

133 1

83,695 10

816

Meghalaya

83,962 20

273 45

82,227 64

1,462 1

Chandigarh

65,376 3

23 1

64,533 2

820

Arunachal Pradesh

55,208 6

44 3

54,884 9

280

Sikkim

32,080 6

126 2

31,554 4

400

Nagaland

31,966 6

172 0

31,102 6

692

Ladakh

21,098 11

130 1

20,759 10

209

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,682

0 0

10,678

4

Lakshadweep

10,365

0 0

10,314

51

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,668 3

11 2

7,528 1

129

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