COP26: Pressure Mounts As U.N. Climate Negotiations Enter Final Day

COP26: Pressure Mounts As U.N. Climate Negotiations Enter Final Day

Highlights
  • Concrete actions are needed this very decade for save the planet: Experts
  • 2030 feels like a cliff’s edge and we are running towards it: Expert
  • Developing countries urge rich nations to fulfil climate finance pledge

Glasgow: Negotiators at the U.N. climate conference in Glasgow were locking horns on Friday (November 12) for what is scheduled to be the final day of bargaining over how to stop global warming from becoming catastrophic. After nearly two weeks of talks, the almost 200 countries represented at COP26 remain at odds over a range of issues – from how rich nations should compensate poor ones for damage caused by climate-driven disasters to how often nations should be required to update their emissions pledges.

Also Read: Developing Climate Resilience Index (CRI) For The North Eastern Region Of India

A new draft document published on Friday morning weakened the language used in previous texts to address the phasing out of fossil fuels. European Union climate policy chief Frans Timmermans had said on Thursday that removing that language “would be an extremely, extremely bad signal”.

The conference set out with a core aim: to keep alive the 2015 Paris Agreement’s aspirational target to cap global warming at 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 Fahrenheit) above pre-industrial levels, and so avoid the worst impacts of climate change.

But under countries’ current pledges to cut emissions this decade, researchers say the world would hit levels of global warming far beyond that limit, unleashing catastrophic sea level rises, floods and droughts.

While there is little hope that new promises to bridge that gap will appear in the final day of talks, negotiators are attempting to impose new requirements that could require countries to raise their pledges in future, hopefully fast enough to keep the 1.5C goal within reach.

A draft of the COP26 deal circulated earlier this week, for example, would require countries to upgrade their climate targets in 2022. Climate-vulnerable nations hope to strengthen this into compulsory annual reviews to ensure the target remains in sight.

Also Read: COP26: How The World’s Militaries Hide Their Huge Carbon Emissions

‘Constant Process’

“Glasgow must be the moment when ambition-raising becomes a constant process at every COP, and this year’s COP decision must mandate annual ambition-raising platforms until 2025 to ensure that,” said Mohamed Nasheed, parliamentary speaker and former president of the Maldives and ambassador for the Climate Vulnerable Forum group of 48 countries.

“Action is needed this very decade. 2030 feels like a cliff’s edge and we are running towards it,” said Nicolas Galarza, Colombia’s vice-minister for the environment.

A senior United States official said the world’s biggest economy supported strengthening targets to meet the Paris goals, but could not support a requirement in the COP26 deal for yearly reviews of pledges.

At the moment, countries are required to revisit their pledges every five years.

Questions of finance continue to loom over the talks, with developing countries pushing for tougher rules to ensure that rich countries, whose historical emissions are largely responsible for heating up the planet, offer more cash to help the poorest nations adapt to climate impacts.

Ministers are also attempting to finish the contentious rules that will put the Paris agreement into practice, requiring agreement on long-standing disputes over carbon markets and transparency.

A final deal will require the unanimous consent of the nearly 200 countries that signed the 2015 Paris Agreement.

Also Read: Meet Earthshot Prize Winner Whose Innovation Can Address Air Pollution

(Except for the headline, this story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from a syndicated feed.)

NDTV – Dettol have been working towards a clean and healthy India since 2014 via Banega Swachh India initiative, which is helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. The campaign aims to highlight the inter-dependency of humans and the environment, and of humans on one another with the focus on One Health, One Planet, One Future – Leaving No One Behind. It stresses on the need to take care of, and consider, everyone’s health in India – especially vulnerable communities – the LGBTQ populationindigenous people, India’s different tribes, ethnic and linguistic minorities, people with disabilities, migrants, geographically remote populations, gender and sexual minorities. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign will continue to raise awareness on the same along with focussing on the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children, fight malnutrition, mental wellbeing, self care, science and health, adolescent health & gender awareness. Along with the health of people, the campaign has realised the need to also take care of the health of the eco-system. Our environment is fragile due to human activity,  that is not only over-exploiting available resources, but also generating immense pollution as a result of using and extracting those resources. The imbalance has also led to immense biodiversity loss that has caused one of the biggest threats to human survival – climate change. It has now been described as a “code red for humanity.” The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene. Banega Swasth India will also be taking forward the dream of Swasth Bharat, the campaign feels that only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and the country can become a Swasth or healthy India.

World

25,18,98,205Cases

21,30,04,611Active

3,38,14,080Recovered

50,79,514Deaths

Coronavirus has spread to 196 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 25,18,98,205 and 50,79,514 have died; 21,30,04,611 are active cases and 3,38,14,080 have recovered as on November 12, 2021 at 3:42 am.

India

3,44,14,186 12,516Cases

1,37,4161,140Active

3,38,14,080 13,155Recovered

4,62,690 501Deaths

In India, there are 3,44,14,186 confirmed cases including 4,62,690 deaths. The number of active cases is 1,37,416 and 3,38,14,080 have recovered as on November 12, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details



State

Cases

Active

Recovered

Deaths
Maharashtra

66,21,420 997

15,997 47

64,64,948 1,016

1,40,475 28

Kerala

50,42,082 7,224

70,251 833

49,36,791 7,638

35,040 419

Karnataka

29,91,142 286

8,046 10

29,44,958 289

38,138 7

Tamil Nadu

27,12,404 820

10,013 146

26,66,140 962

36,251 4

Andhra Pradesh

20,69,352 286

3,196 24

20,51,747 307

14,409 3

Uttar Pradesh

17,10,243 7

92 0

16,87,247 7

22,904

West Bengal

16,01,586 854

7,973 28

15,74,333 813

19,280 13

Delhi

14,40,270 40

367 21

14,14,812 61

25,091

Odisha

10,44,699 271

2,677 39

10,33,652 308

8,370 2

Chhattisgarh

10,06,271 26

216 7

9,92,468 33

13,587

Rajasthan

9,54,475 4

46 2

9,45,475 2

8,954

Gujarat

8,26,866 40

234 19

8,16,542 21

10,090

Madhya Pradesh

7,92,936 12

76 5

7,82,336 17

10,524

Haryana

7,71,388 20

130 12

7,61,208 8

10,050

Bihar

7,26,148 4

35 2

7,16,452 6

9,661

Telangana

6,73,140 153

3,737 9

6,65,432 160

3,971 2

Assam

6,13,312 251

3,261 18

6,04,009 262

6,042 7

Punjab

6,02,695 48

266 24

5,85,859 21

16,570 3

Jharkhand

3,48,960 12

149 1

3,43,673 13

5,138

Uttarakhand

3,43,987 13

146 4

3,36,438 8

7,403 1

Jammu And Kashmir

3,33,667 177

1,311 81

3,27,908 96

4,448

Himachal Pradesh

2,25,464 145

1,128 33

2,20,536 168

3,800 10

Goa

1,78,422 23

298 4

1,74,753 19

3,371

Puducherry

1,28,332 30

260 12

1,26,209 42

1,863

Mizoram

1,27,548 631

5,838 101

1,21,254 732

456

Manipur

1,24,328 78

761 37

1,21,626 40

1,941 1

Tripura

84,644 9

133 1

83,695 10

816

Meghalaya

83,962 20

273 45

82,227 64

1,462 1

Chandigarh

65,376 3

23 1

64,533 2

820

Arunachal Pradesh

55,208 6

44 3

54,884 9

280

Sikkim

32,080 6

126 2

31,554 4

400

Nagaland

31,966 6

172 0

31,102 6

692

Ladakh

21,098 11

130 1

20,759 10

209

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,682

0 0

10,678

4

Lakshadweep

10,365

0 0

10,314

51

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,668 3

11 2

7,528 1

129

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